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Flora and Fauna in Wayanad

Wayanad is blessed with a pleasant climate throughout the year. The place receives uniform rainfall at an average of 2322 m.m. Annual rainfall of Vythiri, Meppadi and Lakkidi which receives the highest rain fall in Wayanad is 3000 to 4000 m.m. Among these Lakkidi receives the highest average rainfall in the state of Kerala.The South-west monsoon is characterized by high velocity winds and the summer season of March-April has dry winds. The cold is severe in regions with high altitude. Ambalavayal region in Wayanad district had a maximum temperature of 29 Degree Celsius and a minimum of 18 Degree Celsius during the last five years. During the south-west monsoon period, the relative density becomes as high as 95 percent. The main seasons of a year are Winter or Cold Weather Season (December to February), Summer or Hot Weather Season (March-May), South-west Monsoon (June to September) and North-East Monsoon (October and November).

Flora and Fauna
The Plant life or floras of Wayanad are typical of Western Ghats. The cool and favourable climate is ideal for cultivating plantation crops. Coffee is the most widely cultivated plantation crop in Wayanad. Wild Trees such as Artocarpus ( Anjili in Malayalam), Erthrina (Mullumurikku in Malayalam), Rose-wood, Caussia etc.are grown for giving shade to coffee plants. A touch of wilderness is given to Wayanad by the trees. The Silver-oak tree is also grown as it is more suited for the cold weather. The advantages are its fast growth and gives good shade for coffee and pepper. It is also used in making plywood. Eucalyptus, the tall tree producing the popular Eucalyptus Oil is also grown here. But the tree that is most widely grown here is teak. Other trees grown here are Areca nut and Jack trees. Apart from Coffee, tea is grown here and it is spread across estates. Wayanad has the perfect weather and soil for cultivating crops on large scale. The Regional Agricultural Research Station at Ambalavayal run by Kerala Agricultural University promotes cultivation of vegetables and orchards. The diverse animal life of the Western Ghats has decreased as the forests are being cleared. Some of the animals like bonnet monkeys, squirrels, loris, mongooses, jackals, jungle cats, hares etc. are still there.

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